Smoking during early pregnancy is extremely difficult to avoid if the mother is unaware that she is pregnant. When a pregnancy is planned it is best to quit smoking in advance of conception but in the case of unplanned pregnancies – it can be quite a shock and extremely worrying for the expectant mother who smokes.
Smoking is harmful in many ways and losing a pregnancy is a terrible thing. In the first three months of pregnancy the risk of miscarriage is highest with the majority of experts agreeing that most of these miscarriages cannot be prevented and are due to genetic abnormalities. However, certain lifestyle choices do increase the risk of miscarriage and there is scientific research that it is twice as likely to occur for those who smoked heavily than for non-smokers1.
When to quit smoking while pregnant
Quitting smoking when pregnant is one of the most important things that an expectant mother can do for her child. The effects of smoking or vaping on the unborn child are very serious and no-one will feel worse about this than the mother herself. Expectant mothers who smoke should be given special understanding and care and not made to feel guilty for being entrapped and enslaved by one of the most addictive drugs on the planet.
Smoking during early pregnancy is extremely difficult to avoid if the mother is unaware that she is pregnant. When a pregnancy is planned it is best to quit smoking in advance of conception.
- Risk factors of early spontaneous abortions among Japanese: a matched case–control study Sachiko Baba, Hiroyuki Noda, Human Reproduction, Volume 26, Issue 2, February 2011, Pages 466–472,
- Cotinine Exposure Increases Fallopian Tube PROKR1 Expression via Nicotinic AChRα-7 A Potential Mechanism Explaining the Link between Smoking and Tubal Ectopic Pregnancy
Julie L.V. Shaw, Elizabeth Oliver, Am J Pathol. 2010 Nov; 177(5): 2509–2515
- Smoking and placenta previa: a meta-analysis Shobeiri F, Jenabi E J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2017 Dec;30(24):2985-2990. doi: 10.1080/14767058.2016.1271405. Epub 2017 Jan 4
- Smoking and Sudden Infant Death Syndrome Mitchell E, Milerad J WHO/ncd/tri/99.11