Foetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) and foetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) result from a baby’s exposure to alcohol within the womb and are the most common uninherited causes of intellectual disability.
Diagnosis is based on the presence of the following clinical features, all of which must be present:
- prenatal and/or postnatal growth issues
- facial abnormalities
- central nervous system dysfunction
- neurobehavioral disabilities.
FASD is a broader diagnosis that encompasses patients with FAS and others who are affected by prenatal alcohol exposure but do not meet the full criteria for FAS.
We all know that drinking alcohol when pregnant is not good for the baby but please don’t feel awful or ashamed if you’ve struggled to do so. The fact that you have reached out for help here means you are doing all you can to achieve a safe outcome for your baby and you should be congratulated for that.